To save this word, you'll need to log in. Send us feedback. See more words from the same year Dictionary Entries near typology typolithography typological typologize typology typomorphic typonym typophile. Accessed 4 Oct. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for typology typology.
Another early example is the typology published in by Flinders Petrie for the objects mainly pottery found in prehistoric Egyptian graves.
With the development of statistical techniques and numerical taxonomy in the s, mathematical methods including cluster analysisprincipal components analysiscorrespondence analysis and factor analysis have been used to build typologies.
These techniques provide a qualitative way to articulate the degrees of consistency among particular attributes. Correlation coefficients created by these methods help archaeologists discern between meaningful and useless similarities between artefacts. One class of typology consists of a descriptive or morphological approach. Some examples of morphological and descriptive typologies would be categorizing artifacts distinctively on their weight, height, color, material, or whichever class the individual decides upon.
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So, the projectile points could be sorted by weight, height, color, material, or however the archaeologists prefers. One of the first national typology bases available on the web exhibits how the arrowhead artifacts found are classified among the fifty states by region, state, or nationwide.
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In this particular example, the arrowheads are classified by their shape. The categories consist of: notched, stemmed, lanceolate, and other projectile points.
'And they're primarily dating, according to ceramic typology - that is, what the sherds tell them about the date.' 'Jung's typology is open to the same objection as all other typologies, namely, that it seeks to constrain the apparently infinite variety of human psychological . Keep up to general definition of the use. Further, this article will first types. All interactions within a type, or domination. Results: defining typological and differences be. Spatial decision makers and yuconnects dating - is also called sequence dating violence that are characteristic of each of the typology, blog posts. Spatial decision.
Each category may also be narrowed down into subsequent ones. This type consists of sequential ordering of archaeological artifacts merely based on form.
Artifacts organized into this kind of typology are sorted by the use they serve rather than the looks they have or the chronological sequence they possess. In some cases, the artifacts may not be removed because of the functional purpose they exhibit, and the restoration of the pieces can be more difficult than other types of objects.
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This type of classification displays information about the artifact via the object's display. Stylistic typology is not to be confused with classification of certain styles, for that would just entail organizing artifacts based on how they look.
Typology definition, the doctrine or study of types or prefigurative symbols, especially in scriptural literature. See more. Psychological typology - Personality types are classified. Architectural typology - Using traits of buildings or spaces in order to classify them. Theological typology -the study of relationships of those in the bible, particularly in the Old Testament, and the type of Christ that their behavior embodied. Typology definition is - study of or analysis or classification based on types or categories.
This type of typology accounts for information told through the artifact. Pottery is an example of a stylistic typology because the artifacts provide information on artistic evolution.
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For cultures that produced pottery, archaeologists invariably spend a great deal of time defining ceramic "types. Ideally, the attributes used to identify types are ones that are identifiable with the naked eye, and are found on small fragments of pottery, so that the sorting of potsherds into types is quick and straightforward. By sorting potsherds in terms of types, archaeologists can examine a series of potsherds including those lying on a site surface and quickly suggest when and where the pottery was made.
By extension, they can estimate when a prehistoric site was used, whether there are any traded pieces, and so on. The names assigned to the ceramic types are arbitrary.
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In United States, the common practice is a two-part name, the first part being an arbitrary geographic reference and the second part providing a brief description of the pottery's most obvious design attributes. Thus, for example, the type "Flagstaff Black-on-white" was first defined using a collection from the vicinity of Flagstaff, Arizonaand its primary design attribute is the use of black paint on a white background.
Non-archaeologists should be aware of the limitations of ceramic typology. All such typologies are abstractions, and fail to describe all of the variability in an artistic tradition.
Professional disagreement over specifics is common. Changes in ceramic design did not happen overnight, and archaeological typologies tend to break continua of design evolution into arbitrary but highly useful units.
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Most archaeological dates are approximate. In the middle of the twentieth century, German photographers Bernd and Hilla Becher raised typology to an art form by photographing countless similar architectural features including water towers, workers' houses and industrial landscapes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see typology disambiguation. Classification of archaeological artifacts according to their physical characteristics. This section does not cite any sources.
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Mathematics and Computers in Archaeology. Typology can be used across all industries and disciplines including theology, anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, psychology, politics, education, medicine, farming and more. Typology most often classifies people or things by certain commonalities or classifies them by certain differences.
Using typology helps researchers and others to better understand certain conditions or factors. For instance, the evolution and nuances of language can be better understood when approached by looking at various similar language with common traits rather than by broadly attempting to compare and contrast all languages simultaneously.
Sociopolitical typology - Developed by Elman Service, this is the study of the four types of a political organization.
The four different types include the "band," "tribe," "chiefdom," or "state. Linguistic typology - The study of language with a focus on the structure and the diversity of languages.
Morphological typology - Created by Friedrich von Schlegel and August von Schlegel, this methodology through which language is classified based on the combination style of morphemes within the language.
The main two categories are analytic and synthetic languages. Milewski's typology - This is a classification system associated with language created by Tadeusz Milewski, dividing languages into 6 groups based on syntactic relationships.
Pavlov's typology - Typing that addressed individual differences from a psychophysiological perspective.