The Yoruba constitute around 47 million people worldwide. Most Yoruba people speak the Yoruba language , which is the Niger-Congo language with the largest number of native speakers. The Yoruba share borders with the very closely related Itsekiri to the south-east in the North West Niger delta who are ancestrally related to the Yoruba, choose to maintain a distinct cultural identity , Bariba to the north in Benin and Nigeria, the Nupe also to the north and the Ebira to the northeast in central Nigeria. Adjacent to the Ebira and Edo groups are the related Igala people found in the northeast, on the left bank of the Niger River. The Yoruba diaspora consists of two main groupings; first were Yoruba's dispersed through Atlantic slave trade mainly to the western hemisphere and the second wave includes relatively recent migrants, the majority of which moved to the United Kingdom and the United States after major economic and political changes in the s to s. As an ethnic description, the word "Yoruba" or more correctly "Yaraba" was originally in reference to the Oyo Empire and is the usual Hausa name for Oyo people as noted by Hugh Clapperton and Richard Lander.
The urban phase of Ile-Ife before the rise of Oyo, c. The oba or ruler of Ile-Ife is referred to as the Ooni of Ife. Ife continues to be seen as the " Spiritual Homeland " of the Yoruba. The city was surpassed by the Oyo Empire  as the dominant Yoruba military and political power in the 11th century. The Oyo Empire under its oba, known as the Alaafin of Oyowas active in the African slave trade during the 18th century.
The Yoruba often demanded slaves as a form of tribute of subject populations,  who in turn sometimes made war on other peoples to capture the required slaves. Part of the slaves sold by the Oyo Empire entered the Atlantic slave trade.
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Most of the city states  were controlled by Obas or royal sovereigns with various individual titles and councils made up of Oloyesrecognised leaders of royal, noble and, often, even common descent, who joined them in ruling over the kingdoms through a series of guilds and cults.
Different states saw differing ratios of power between the kingships and the chiefs' councils. Yoruba settlements are often described as primarily one or more of the main social groupings called "generations": . Monarchies were a common form of government in Yorubalan but they were not the only approach to government and social organization. The notion of the divine king was so important to the Yoruba, however, that it has been part of their organization in its various forms from their antiquity to the contemporary era.
Each quarter retained its own Ogboni council of civilian leaders, along with an Olorogunor council of military leaders, and in some cases its own elected Obas or Baales. These independent councils elected their most capable members to join a federal civilian and military council that represented the city as a whole.
Such councils were also well-developed among the northern Okun groups, the eastern Ekitiand other groups falling under the Yoruba ethnic umbrella. Traditionally kingship and chieftainship were not determined by simple primogenitureas in most monarchic systems of government. These markets form an inherent part of Yoruba life. Traditionally their traders are well organized, have various guilds, officers, and an elected speaker. They also often have at least one Iyalojaor Lady of the Market,   who is expected to represent their interests in the aristocratic council of oloyes at the palace.
The monarchy of any city-state was usually limited to a number of royal lineages. In other city-states, the monarchy was open to the election of any free-born male citizen. The kings were traditionally almost always polygamous and often married royal family members from other domains, thereby creating useful alliances with other rulers.
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The city became a military republic, with distinguished soldiers wielding political power through their election by popular acclaim and the respect of their peers. There are also examples of other peer organizations in the region. In the city-states and many of their neighbours, a reserved way of life remains, with the school of thought of their people serving as a major influence in West Africa and elsewhere.
Today, most contemporary Yoruba are Christians or Muslims. The Yoruba religion comprises the traditional religious and spiritual concepts and practices of the Yoruba people.
Yoruba religion is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder. One of the most common Yoruba traditional religious concepts has been the concept of Orisa. Orisa also spelled Orisha or Orixa are various godly forms that reflect one of the various manifestations or avatars of God in the Yoruba religious system.
Some widely known Orisa are Oguna god of metal, war and victoryShango or Jakuta a god of thunder, lightning, fire and justice who manifests as a king and who always wields a double-edged axe that conveys his divine authority and powerEsu Elegbara a trickster who serves as the sole messenger of the pantheonand who conveys the wish of men to the gods.
Eshu has two avatar forms, which are manifestations of his dual nature - positive and negative energies; Eshu Laroye, a teacher instructor and leader, and Eshu Ebita, a jester, deceitful, suggestive and cunning. These varieties, or spiritual lineages as they are called, are practiced throughout areas of Nigeria, among others.
As interest in African indigenous religions grows, Orisa communities and lineages can be found in parts of Europe and Asia as well. While estimates may vary, some scholars believe that there could be more than million adherents of this spiritual tradition worldwide. He came from the east, sometimes understood from Ife traditions to be Oke-Ora and by other sources as the "vicinity" true East on the Cardinal points, but more likely signifying the region of Ekiti and Okun sub-communities in northeastern Yorubaland in central Nigeria.
Ekiti is near the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers, and is where the Yoruba language is presumed to have separated from related ethno-linguistic groups like IgalaIgboand Edo.
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After the death of Oduduwa, there was a dispersal of his children from Ife to found other kingdoms. Each child made his or her mark in the subsequent urbanization and consolidation of the Yoruba confederacy of kingdoms, with each kingdom tracing its origin due to them to Ile-Ife.
After the dispersal, the aborigines became difficult, and constituted a serious threat to the survival of Ife. Thought to be survivors of the old occupants of the land before the arrival of Oduduwa, these people now turned themselves into marauders.
They would come to town in costumes made of raffia with terrible and fearsome appearances, and burn down houses and loot the markets. Then came Moremi on the scene; she was said to have played a significant role in the quelling of the marauders advancements.
But this was at a great price; having to give up her only son Oluorogbo. The reward for her patriotism and selflessness was not to be reaped in one lifetime as she later passed on and was thereafter deified. The Edi festival celebrates this feat amongst her Yoruba descendants. Yoruba culture consists of cultural philosophy, religion and folktales. They are embodied in Ifa divination, and are known as the tripartite Book of Enlightenment in Yorubaland and in its diaspora.
Yoruba cultural thought is a witness of two epochs. The first epoch is a history of cosmogony and cosmology. This is also an epoch-making history in the oral culture during which time Oduduwa was the king, the Bringer of Light, pioneer of Yoruba folk philosophy, and a prominent diviner. He pondered the visible and invisible worlds, reminiscing about cosmogony, cosmology, and the mythological creatures in the visible and invisible worlds. His time favored the artist-philosophers who produced magnificent naturalistic artworks of civilization during the pre-dynastic period in Yorubaland.
The second epoch is the epoch of metaphysical discourse, and the birth of modern artist-philosophy. This commenced in the 19th century in terms of the academic prowess of Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther - Although religion is often first in Yoruba culture, nonetheless, it is the philosophy - the thought of man - that actually leads spiritual consciousness ori to the creation and the practice of religion.
Thus, it is believed that thought philosophy is an antecedent to religion. Values such as respect, peaceful co-existence, loyalty and freedom of speech are both upheld and highly valued in Yoruba culture.
Societies that are considered secret societies often strictly guard and encourage the observance of moral values. Today, the academic and nonacademic communities are becoming more interested in Yoruba culture.
More research is being carried out on Yoruba cultural thought as more books are being written on the subject. The Yoruba are traditionally very religious people, and are today pluralistic in their religious convictions. Some Yorubas adhere to Sunni Islam while many follow various Christian denominations, while few others are Shia Muslims too, and large numbers practitioners of the traditional Yoruba religion. Yoruba religious practices such as the Eyo and Osun-Osogbo festivals are witnessing a resurgence in popularity in contemporary Yorubaland.
They are largely seen by the adherents of the modern faiths as cultural, rather than religious, events. They participate in them as a means to celebrate their people's history, and boost tourism in their local economies. The Yorubas were one of the first groups in West Africa to be introduced to Christianity on a large scale. As time progressed, other Europeans - such as the French, the British, and the Germans, followed suit.
British and French people were the most successful in their quest for colonies These Europeans actually split Yorubaland, with the larger part being in British Nigeria, and the minor parts in French Dahomey, now Beninand German Togoland. Home governments encouraged religious organizations to come. Roman Catholics known to the Yorubas as Ijo Aguda, so named after returning former Yoruba slaves from Latin America, who were mostly Catholic, and were also known as the Agudas, Saros or Amaros started the race, followed by Protestants, whose prominent member - Church Mission Society CMS based in England made the most significant in-roads into the hinterland regions for evangelism and became the largest of the Christian missions.
Henry Townsen C. Baptist missionaries - Bowen and Clarke - concentrated on the northern Yoruba axis - Ogbomoso and environs. With their success, other religious groups - the Salvation Army and the Evangelists Commission of West Africa - became popular among the Igbominaand other non-denominational Christian groups joined.
The increased tempo of Christianity led to the appointment of Saros and indigenes as missionaries. Nevertheless, the impact of Christianity in Yorubaland was not felt until the fourth decade of the 19th century, when a Yoruba slave boy, Samuel Ajayi Crowther, became a Christian convert, linguist and minister whose knowledge in languages would become a major tool and instrument to propagate Christianity in Yorubaland and beyond. The Christian population of the Yoruba is estimated to be around 25 million people.
Islam came into Yorubaland around the 14th century, as a result of trade with Hausa and Wangara also Wankore merchants, [ citation needed ] a mobile caste of the Soninkes from the then Mali Empire who entered Yorubaland Oyo from the northwestern flank through the Bariba or Borgu corridor,  during the reign of Mansa Kankan Musa.
The adherents of the Islamic faith are called Musulumi in Yoruba to correspond to Muslim, the Arabic word for an adherent of Islam having as the active participle of the same verb form, and means "submitter to Allah " or a nominal and active participle of Islam derivative of "Salaam" i.
Religion of Peace. Islam was practiced in Yorubaland so early on in history, that a sizable proportion of Yoruba slaves taken to the Americas were already Muslim. On a Sunday during Ramadan in Januaryin the city of Salvador, Bahiaa small group of slaves and freedmen, inspired by Muslim teachers, rose up against the government.
Progressively, Islam started to gain a foothold in Yorubaland, and Muslims started building mosques. All of these cities already had sizable Muslim communities before the 19th century Sokoto jihad. Secondly, there was a mass movement of people at this time into Yorubaland, many of these immigrants were Muslims who introduced Islam to their hosts. According to Eades, the religion "differed in attraction" and "better adapted to Yoruba social structure, because it permitted polygamy", which was already a feature of various African societies; more influential Yorubas like Seriki Kuku of Ijebuland soon became Muslims, with a positive impact on the natives.
Without delay, Islamic scholars and local Imams started establishing Koranic centers to teach Arabic and Islamic studies, much later, conventional schools were established to educate new converts and to propagate Islam. Today, the Yorubas constitute the second largest Muslim group in Nigeria, after the Hausa people of the Northern provinces. Medieval Yoruba settlements were surrounded with massive mud walls.
The wall materials comprised puddled mud and palm oil  while roofing materials ranged from thatches to aluminium and corrugated iron sheets.
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The structure was built in the 9th, 10th and 11th centuries in honour of a traditional aristocrat, the Oloye Bilikisu Sungbo. It was made up of sprawling mud walls and the valleys that surrounded the town of Ijebu-Ode in Ogun State. The Yorubas worked with a wide array of materials in their art including; bronze, leather, terracotta, ivory, textiles, copper, stone, carved wood, brass, ceramics and glass.
A unique feature of Yoruba art is its striking realism that, unlike most African art, chose to create human sculptures in vividly realistic and life sized forms. The art history of the nearby Benin empire shows that there was a cross - fertilization of ideas between the neighboring Yoruba and Edo. The Benin court's brass casters learned their art from an Ife master named Iguegha, who had been sent from Ife around at the request of Benin's oba Oguola.
Indeed, the earliest dated cast-brass memorial heads from Benin replicate the refined naturalism of the earlier Yoruba sculptures from Ife. A lot of Yoruba artwork, including staffs, court dress, and beadwork for crowns, are associated with palaces and the royal courts.
Yoruba palaces are usually built with thicker walls, are dedicated to the gods and play significant spiritual roles. Yoruba art is also manifested in shrines and masking traditions.
Masking traditions vary by region, and diverse mask types are used in various festivals and celebrations. cts of Yoruba traditional architecture has also found its way into the New World in the form of shotgun houses. Masquerades are an important feature of Yoruba traditional artistry. The term refers to the Yoruba masquerades connected with ancestor reverence, or to the ancestors themselves as a collective force.
There are different types of which one of the most prominent is the Gelede. Yemoja could not have children and consulted an Ifa oracle, and the priest advised her to offer sacrifices and to dance with wooden images on her head and metal anklets on her feet. After performing this ritual, she became pregnant. Yemoja's second child was a girl, nicknamed "Gelede" because she was obese like her mother. Also like her mother, Gelede loved dancing.
After getting married themselves, neither Gelede or Efe's partner could have children. The Ifa oracle suggested they try the same ritual that had worked for their mother. No sooner than Efe and Gelede performed these rituals - dancing with wooden images on their heads and metal anklets on their feet - they started having children.
These rituals developed into the Gelede masked dance and were perpetuated by the descendants of Efe and Gelede. This narrative is one of many stories that explains the origin of Gelede.
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An old theory stated that the beginning of Gelede might be associated with the change from a matriarchal to a patriarchal society among the Yoruba people. The Gelede spectacle and the Ifa divination system represent two of Nigeria's only three pieces on the United Nations Oral and Intangible Heritages of Humanity list, as well as the only such cultural heritage from Benin and Togo.
One of the first observations of first time visitors to Yorubaland is the rich, exuberant and ceremonial nature of their culture, which is made even more visible by the urbanized structures of Yoruba settlements.
These occasions are avenues to experience the richness of the Yoruba culture. Traditional musicians are always on hand to grace the occasions with heavy rhythms and extremely advanced percussionwhich the Yorubas are well known for all over the world. The Yoruba are a very expressive people who celebrate major events with colorful festivals and celebrations Ayeye.
Some of these festivals about thirteen principal ones  are secular and only mark achievements and milestones in the achievement of mankind. The festival attracts thousands of Osun worshippers from all over Yorubaland and the Yoruba diaspora in the Americas, spectators and tourists from all walks of life. The Osun-Osogbo Festival is a two-week-long programme. It starts with the traditional cleansing of the town called 'Iwopopo', which is then followed in three days by the lighting of the year-old sixteen-point lamp called Ina Olojumerindinlogunwhich literally means The sixteen eyed fire.
The lighting of this sacred lamp heralds the beginning of the Osun festival. Then comes the 'Ibroriade', an assemblage of the crowns of the past ruler, the Ataoja of Osogbo, for blessings. This event is led by the sitting Ataoja of Osogbo and the Arugba Yeye Osun who is usually a young virgin from the royal family dressed in whitewho carries a sacred white calabash that contains propitiation materials meant for the goddess Osun.
She is also accompanied by a committee of priestesses. Another very popular festival with spiritual connotations is the Eyo Olokun festival or Adamu Orisha play, celebrated by the people of Lagos. The Eyo festival is a dedication to the god of the Sea Olokunwho is an Orisha, and whose name literally mean Owner of the Seas.
This leads to a building anticipation as to what date would be decided upon. Once a date for its performance is selected and announced, the festival preparations begin. It encompasses a week-long series of activities, and culminates in a striking procession of thousands of men clothed in white and wearing a variety of coloured hats, called Aga.
The procession moves through Lagos Island Isale Ekowhich is the historical centre of the Lagos metropolis. On the streets, they move through various crucial locations and landmarks in the city, including the palace of the traditional ruler of Lagos, the Oba, known as the Iga Idunganran. A full week before the festival always a Sundaythe 'senior' Eyo group, the Adimu identified by a black, broad-rimmed hatgoes public with a staff.
When this happens, it means the event will take place on the following Saturday. The Eyo masquerade essentially admits tall people, which is why it is described as Agogoro Eyo literally meaning the tall Eyo masquerade. In the manner of a spirit An Orisha visiting the earth on a purpose, the Eyo masquerade speaks in a ventriloquial voice, suggestive of its otherworldliness; and when greeted, it replies: Mo yo fun e, mo yo fun ara miwhich in Yoruba means: I rejoice for you, and I rejoice for myself.
This response connotes the masquerades as rejoicing with the person greeting it for the witnessing of the day, and its own joy at taking the hallowed responsibility of cleansing.
During the festival, Sandals and foot wear, as well as Sukua hairstyle that is popular among the Yorubas - one that has the hair converge at the middle, then shoot upward, before tipping downward - are prohibited.
The festival has also taken a more touristic dimension in recent times, which like the Osun Osogbo festival, attracts visitors from all across Nigeria, as well as Yoruba diaspora populations. In fact, it is widely believed that the play is one of the manifestations of the customary African revelry that serves as the forerunner of the modern carnival in Brazil and other parts of the New Worl which may have been started by the Yoruba slaves transplanted in that part of the world due to the Atlantic slave trade.
The music of the Yoruba people is perhaps best known for an extremely advanced drumming tradition, especially using the dundun hourglass tension drums. The representation of musical instruments on sculptural works from Ile-Ife, indicates, in general terms a substantial accord with oral traditions.
A lot of these musical instruments date back to the classical period of Ile-Ifewhich began at around the 10th century A. Some were already present prior to this period, while others were created later. Others like the double and single iron clapper-less bells are examples of instruments that preceded classical Ife. Yoruba music left an especially important influence on the music of Trinida the Lukumi religious traditions, Capoeira practice in Brazil and the music of Cuba.
Yoruba drums typically belong to four major families, which are used depending on the context or genre where they are played. This is possible because the Yoruba language is tonal in nature.
The second is the Sakara family. The Gbedu family literally, "large drum" is used by secret fraternities such as the Ogboni and royal courts. Historically, only the Oba might dance to the music of the drum. If anyone else used the drum they were arrested for sedition of royal authority. The Ogido is a cousin of the gbedu.
It is also shaped like a conga but with a wider array of sounds and a bigger body. It also has a much deeper sound than the conga. It is sometimes referred to as the "bass drum". Both hands play directly on the Ogido drum. Today, the word Gbedu has also come to be used to describe forms of Nigerian Afrobeat and Hip Hop music.
They were historically played in sacred rituals. They are believed to have been introduced by Shangoan Orisha, during his earthly incarnation as a warrior king.
Kamene Goro denies rumours on dating musician Calvo Mistari. Many people do not know that Kanyomozi's father and King Oyo's father are biological brothers and that she is actually a princess of the Toro Kingdom as well. From long to super-short, here are photos of Juliana rocking different hair styles that we should emulate. @joekizza Toro is celebrating the 24th coronation anniversary of year-old King Oyo, who ascended the throne at the tender age of three. Take a look at how far the young monarch has come thus far. Finally, Grace Nakimera has come out and explained that there is nothing going on between her and the Toro king Rukirabasaija Oyo Nyimba Kabamba Iguru Rukidi IV in a Facebook post that she put up on Friday. The artistes famed for songs such as song 'Anfukula', 'Onyambanga,' 'Ani Akumanyi', 'Kawonawo', 'Nvawo Nawe' and 'Kiva Kuki' [ ].
He is also believed to be the spirit or muse that inspires drummers during renditions. This is why some Yoruba family names contain the prefix 'Ayan-' such as Ayangbade, Ayantunde, Ayanwande. The leader of a dundun ensemble is the oniyalu meaning; ' Owner of the mother drum ', who uses the drum to "talk" by imitating the tonality of Yoruba. Much of this music is spiritual in nature, and is often devoted to the Orisas. Yoruba drumming exemplifies West-African cross-rhythms and is considered to be one of the most advanced drumming traditions in the world.
Generally, improvisation is restricted to master drummers. Oriki or praise singinga genre of sung poetry that contains a series of proverbial phrases, praising or characterizing the respective person is of Egba and Ekiti origin, is often considered the oldest Yoruba musical tradition. Yoruba music is typically Polyrhythmicwhich can be described as interlocking sets of rhythms that fit together somewhat like the pieces in a jigsaw puzzle. There is a basic timeline and each instrument plays a pattern in relation to that timeline.
The resulting ensemble provides the typical sound of West African Yoruba drumming. Yoruba music is a component of the modern Nigerian popular music scene. Although traditional Yoruba music was not influenced by foreign music, the same cannot be said of modern-day Yoruba music, which has evolved and adapted itself through contact with foreign instruments, talent, and creativity.
The Yoruba present the highest dizygotic twinning rate in the world 4. Twins are very important for the Yoruba and they usually tend to give special names to each twin.
Kehinde is the name of the last born twin. Kehinde is sometimes also referred to as Kehindegbegbonwhich is short for; Omo kehin de gba egbon and means, 'the child that came behind gets the rights of the elder'. Twins are perceived as having spiritual advantages or as possessing magical powers. The Yoruba week consist of five days. Of these, only four have names. The Yoruba calendar Kojoda year starts from 3 to 2 June of the following year. Solid food, mostly cooked, pounded or prepared with hot water are basic staple foods of the Yoruba.
These foods are all by-products of crops like cassavayamscocoyam and forms a huge chunk of it all. Others like Plantaincornbeansmeatand fish are also chief choices. Some common Yoruba foods are iyan pounded yamAmalaebasemo, fufuMoin moin bean cake and akara.
Items like rice and beans locally called ewa are part of the regular diet. Some dishes are also prepared for festivities and ceremonies such as Jollof rice and Fried rice. Other popular dishes are Ekurustewscorn, cassava and flours - e. Some less well known meals and many miscellaneous staples are arrowroot gruel, sweetmeats, fritters and coconut concoctions; and some breads - yeast bread, rock buns, and palm wine bread to name a few.
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The Yoruba take immense pride in their attire, for which they are well known. Aso Oke comes in three major styles based on pattern and coloration. Clothing in Yoruba culture is gender sensitive, despite a tradition of non-gender conforming families.
Women also have different types of dresses. It may be of plain cloth or costly as the women can afford. At times, it is tied round their waists over the original one piece wrapper. These are used by both males and females, and are put on for bodily adornment.
Chiefs, priests, kings or people of royal descent, especially use some of these beads as a signifier of rank. The horsetail whiskers are symbols of authority and stateliness.
It can be used in a shrine for decoration but most often is used by chief priests and priestesses as a symbol of their authority or Ashe. Hair is considered the ' Glory of the woman '. They usually take care of their hair in two major ways; They plait and they weave. There are many types of plaiting styles, and women readily pick any type they want. Traditionally, The Yoruba consider tribal marks ways of adding beauty to the face of individuals. This is apart from the fact that they show clearly from which part of Yorubaland an individual comes from, since different areas are associated with different marks.
Different types of tribal marks are made with local blades or knives on the cheeks.
These are usually done at infancy, when children are not pain conscious. This practice is near extinct today. The Yoruba believe that development of a nation is akin to the development of a man or woman. Therefore, the personality of an individual has to be developed in order to fulfill his or her responsibilities. Clothing among the Yoruba people is a crucial factor upon which the personality of an individual is anchored.
This belief is anchored in Yoruba proverbs. Different occasions also require different outfits among the Yoruba. Estimates of the Yoruba in Benin vary from around 1. The Yoruba in Burkina Faso are numbered around 70, people, and around 60, in Niger. Estimates of the Yoruba in Togo vary from aroun topeople.
There are both immigrant Yoruba communities from Nigeria, and indigenous ancestral Yoruba communities living in Togo. Footballer Emmanuel Ador is an example of a Togolese from an immigrant Yoruba background. The migration of Yoruba people all over the world has led to a spread of the Yoruba culture across the globe.
Yoruba people have historically been spread around the globe by the combined forces of the Atlantic slave trade and voluntary self migration. In the documents dating from toYorubas constituted Between and the African-born slave and free population of Salvador, Bahia surpassed that of free Brazil born Creoles.
Meanwhile, between and an average of Between an the number had risen to a dramatic Other areas that received a significant number of Yoruba people and are sites of Yoruba influence are: Puerto RicoSaint LuciaGrenadaSanta Margarita and BelizeBritish Guyana, Saint-Domingue Now HaitiJamaica Where they settled and established such places as Abeokuta, Naggo head in Portmoreand by their hundreds in other parishes like Hanover and Westmorelan both in western Jamaica- leaving behind practices such as Ettu from Etututhe Yoruba ceremony of atonement among other customs of people bearing the same name, and certain cts of Kumina such as Sango venerationBarbadosDominican republicMontserratetc.
Genetic studies have shown the Yoruba to cluster most closely with other West African peoples. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ethnic group of West Africa. Christianity Islam Yoruba religion. Main article: Yoruba language.
Main article: History of the Yoruba people. Further information: Ife. See also: Yoruba religion. Main article: Yorubaland. Main article: Yoruba culture. Kaboyo's first reign was terminated in having succeeded his father in when then Prime Minister Apolo Milton Obote abrogated the constitution and made Uganda a republic, with himself as president.
When the President Yoweeri Museveni's NRM government reinstated the institution of king inKaboyo became Omukama of Toro for the second time, but his second reign was very short. He died two years later, paving way for his son to succeed him. Oyo was the sporty type. At school, he enjoyed spending time with his mates, perhaps most of whom didn't know - or even care - that he was of a special status. Even while enjoying a kick-about on the school compound, Oyo's mates would never have known that they were in the company of the youngest king on Earth.
They were simply doing what children their age love to do: play. Back in the day, being a minor, King Oyo was suitably placed under - truthexchange-sow.comship of several capable individuals to guide his smooth transition into his role as cultural leader of the people of Toro.
President Museveni also attended - as did several other high-profile figures. Birthday celebrations have always been a part of Oyo's life.
He wore a coat over the iconic tunic on his sixth birthday inflanked by family and friends to celebrated yet another year added onto the young monarch's life. On his sixth coronation anniversary inOyo had a special guest: Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi, who was the president of Libya at the time. Gaddafi was a patron of Toro kingdom, with close ties to the royal family.
Oyo named the Libyan stalwart the "defender" of the kingdom and invited him to attend his coronation. Gaddafi had made donations to the kingdom, helping pay for refurbishments to the Karuzika palace in Fort Portal. Meanwhile, President Yoweri Museveni also attended this coronation. It was a cultural affair, and the dress elements showed exactly this. Sports has been an important component of Toro kingdom. In the picture below, King Oyo, inspects football teams of Batoro clans.
Oyo typified a demeanour of calmness wherever he appeared - even at this function in On April 26,one of the newly sworn in Toro kingdom ministers paid allegiance to Omukama Oyo at his palace in Fort Portal.
On his 10th coronation anniversary on March 4,King Oyo was welcomed by Princess Bagaya inside the princess' hut at Karuzika palace. Here, Prime Minister Dr. Ahead of his 22nd coronation anniversary inKing Oyo launched an agriculture expo.
It has been over two decades of growth at the helm for King Oyo, and many more years lie ahead of the Toro leader. Footballers should be honest, Kirunda once said. How Juventus players arrive for training.
Dec 22, Toro's King Oyo Nyimba Kabamba Iguru IV is not the happiest man at the moment after his girlfriend's parents rejected his marriage proposal. Word is that King Oyo, who is in love with a one Brenda Kyoheirwe, approached her parents to ask for her hand in marriage but was turned down. According to Brenda's mom [ ]. Sep 24, On August 26, , King Oyo Nyimba was made King and set the record of being in "World's Youngest Monarch". He celebrated his 25th coronation anniversary in September and the ceremony was graced with thousands of people. Oct 02, Song Bird Winnie Nwagi Feeds King Oyo's Subjects On Free Optical Nutrition. October 2, Jubilant Laycon Floors 19 Others To Win Big Brother Naija Season5, Bags N18M! September 28, Pearl Magic To Premiere New Show 'Date My Family Uganda' October 4. September 28,
Museveni announces new measures for easing lockdown. Sunday,October 04, AM. Pokot, Karimojong mark Annual Cultural Day. Previous Story. Empango: Toro set for 24th coronation anni Next Story.
Oct 04, The teen king rules over more than 2 million people in the Tooro kingdom, one of four kingdoms in Uganda that conjure images of pre-colonial Africa. King Oyo lives for part of the year in a palace perched on a hill in Fort Portal, a place where bicycles stacked with bananas race past ramshackle huts in the shadow of a snow-capped mountain. Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Adeyemi III has reportedly sent one of his queens, packing from the palace over allegations of adultery. According to sources, Olori Badirat Ajoke was sent packing yesterday after allegations were made by a popular blogger, Esther Aboderin aka Esabod that a wife of the Alaafin of Oyo was having an adulterous affair with a popular fuji artiste, King Wasiu Ayinde. Etymology. As an ethnic description, the word "Yoruba" (or more correctly "Yaraba") was originally in reference to the Oyo Empire and is the usual Hausa name for Oyo people as noted by Hugh Clapperton and Richard Lander. It was therefore popularized by Hausa usage and ethnography written in Ajami during the 19th century by Sultan Muhammad truthexchange-sow.com extension of the term to all speakers of.
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